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Women and the typewriter

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Women in the employ of the Typewriter Emporium, reconditioning machines for the secondary market. From “Rebuilt typewriters,” indexed below, 1918.

Gender Studies

This page functions as an index of primary source documents on the pioneering efforts of women who employed the typewriter to gain access to the workforce in the late 1800s and early 1900s. These documents tell a fascinating story is more readily available in this age of digital archives.

The links below either point to a post at Type-Writer.org that includes my own comments or simply the documents themselves. Off-site links are noted. This page is a work in progress. If you have a link, a document, or a suggestion, please email at netadams (at) gmail.com.

Site sources (by date)

Offsite sources

  • Gender & the Office – a page at the Early Office Museum with statistics about female employment in the late 1800s and 1900s. The page includes images from the period.

Scholarly papers

  • Waller, Robert A. “WOMEN AND THE TYPEWRITER DURING THE FIRST FIFTY YEARS, 1873-1923.” Studies in Popular Culture, vol. 9, no. 1, 1986, pp. 39–50. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/23412899.

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