The Official ranks among the unsuccessful machines of the early 20th century and is relatively unknown today. Designed by Charles E. Peterson (US 634,183), the Official was promoted by Richard Cox, who later worked with Charles Paulson on the Eagle/Sterling typewriters.
Similar in design to the Blickensderfer, the Official employed a type-wheel element, which may have been cross-compatible with the Blick’s (based on an examination of the photo above).
The Official Typewriter Company was incorporated in 1900, by M. E. Harby, S. Brockheimer, F. R. Madeira, E. S. Sharp and H. E. Emerson, with capital stock of $1,000,000.1 According to Typewriter Topics, the company produced at least a small quantity of Officials, which were priced at $20.
Writes Michael Adler in Antique Typewriters, “Very rare, so if one appears, throw your pocket-book at the opener, close your eyes and tell him to help himself.”
At $20, the Official was an inexpensive machine. Comparable Blickensderfer models sold from $40 to $50, and standard machines for upwards of $100. To sustain profitability, the Official was simply constructed, containing only 170 parts. Ultimately, few machines were ever produced (note: I have not located any collector who owns one).
Its inventor continued his work, designing at least two other machines with minimal components. One sported typebars with nine characters, reducing materials considerably:
Later, Peterson designed a machine for the Mercantile Manufacturing Company.
That any of these machines, apart from the Official, was manufactured is uncertain. Biographical data on Peterson is sparse, so it is unknown how he supported himself.
Peterson filed at least five typewriter patents:
- US 634,183 — design of the Official
- US 694,073 — the machine featuring typebars with nine characters
- US 690,460 — improvements to the previous machine
- US 720,062 — improvements to platens
- US 809,979 — a new machine assigned to the Mercantile Manufacturing Company
From The Typewriter and Phonographic World (New York), October 1900 —
From Geyer’s Stationer, January-June 1901 —
© 2019, Mark Adams. All rights reserved.